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  • Writer's pictureJosephine

Baby Development Milestones: What to Expect in the First Year

Baby is starting to walk with daddy and mommy guidance
Baby's Starting to Walk! :)

The first year of a baby's life is an incredible period filled with rapid growth and development. As a parent or caregiver, it's essential to understand the typical milestones your baby will reach during this time. By having knowledge of these milestones, you can ensure that your little one is progressing well and provide the necessary support for their development. In this blog, we will explore the key baby development milestones to expect in the first year.

1. Motor Skills

During the first year, your baby will go through significant changes in their motor skills. Here are some important milestones to look out for:

a. Lifting their head: By around 3 months, babies can raise their heads while lying on their stomachs during tummy time.

b. Rolling over: Between 4 to 6 months, most babies learn to roll from their stomachs to their backs and vice versa.

c. Sitting: Around 6 to 8 months, your baby may start sitting unsupported for short periods, gradually improving their balance.

d. Crawling: Some babies begin crawling between 6 to 10 months, while others may skip crawling and proceed to other forms of mobility like scooting or bottom shuffling.

e. Standing and walking: Between 9 to 12 months, babies may pull themselves up to stand, cruise along furniture, and take their first steps independently.

2. Cognitive Development

Babies undergo remarkable cognitive development during their first year. Here are some milestones to expect:

a. Recognizing faces: From birth, babies can focus on faces and may begin to recognize familiar faces, particularly those of their parents or caregivers, within a few months.

b. Object permanence: Around 4 to 7 months, babies develop a sense of object permanence, understanding that objects exist even when they are out of sight.

c. Cause and effect: Between 6 to 9 months, babies start grasping the concept of cause and effect. They may enjoy dropping objects to see them fall or banging toys to produce sound.

d. Problem-solving: Towards the end of the first year, babies become more adept at problem-solving. They may try different strategies to achieve a goal, such as reaching for a toy that is out of reach.

3. Language and Communication

Language development is a fascinating aspect of a baby's growth. Here's what you can expect:

a. Cooing and babbling: From around 2 to 4 months, babies start cooing and making various sounds. By 6 months, they begin babbling with consonant-vowel combinations like "ba-ba" or "da-da."

b. Responding to their name: Between 6 to 9 months, most babies recognize and respond to their name being called.

c. Gestures and first words: Around 9 to 12 months, babies may start using gestures like waving bye-bye or pointing. They may also utter their first words, usually simple sounds like "mama" or "dada."

4. Social and Emotional Development

Babies develop crucial social and emotional skills during their first year. Here are some significant milestones:

a. Smiling and laughing: Around 2 to 3 months, babies begin to smile responsively, and by 4 to 6 months, they start laughing.

b. Stranger anxiety: From 6 to 9 months, babies may display wariness or anxiety around unfamiliar faces, demonstrating a developing sense of attachment to their primary caregivers.

c. Separation anxiety: Between 9 to 12 months, babies may experience separation anxiety when separated from their caregivers, as they become more aware of their presence and absence.


The first year of a baby's life is an exciting journey of growth and development. By understanding the milestones that occur during this period, parents and caregivers can provide appropriate support and stimulation to help their baby thrive. Remember, every child is unique, and while these milestones provide a general guideline, it's important to remember that development can vary from baby to baby. If you have any concerns about your baby's development, consult with your pediatrician for further guidance. Enjoy this precious time of discovery and watch in awe as your little one reaches each milestone, paving the way for a bright future ahead.

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